Population: 3,871,859, estimated in 2011
Salem, located in the Willamette Valley, the largest city is Portland.
State Motto: “She Flies With Her Own Wings”. Adopted in 1987.
State Abbreviation: OR and the name of the residents is Oregonians
State Flag: Adopted in 1925. The flag has 33 stars symbolizing the fact that Oregon was admitted as the 33rd state.
State Seal: The state seal is a shield surrounded by the legend, “State Of Oregon 1859”. The crest of the shield is the American eagle.
State Song: “Oregon, My Oregon”, written by J.A. Buchanan of Astoria and Henry B. Murtahg of Portland was designated the state song in 1927.
State Animal: The American beaver, was named the Oregon state animal in 1969. Oregon is also known as “The Beaver State”.
State Bird: The Western Meadowlark (Sturnella neglecta)
State Fish: The Chinook salmon, (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha) the largest of the Pacific salmons, was declared the state fish in 1961.
State Insect: The native Oregon Swallowtail (Papilio oregonius) was designated the state insect in 1979.
State Flower: In 1899, Oregon Grape (Berberis aquifolium)
State Gemstone: The Oregon sunstone is the official state gemstone. The large, brightly colored stone in the feldspar family is found in southeastern Oregon counties.
State Rock:The Thunderegg is the official state rock. These geodes contain minerals of many different colors and/or crystals.
State Nut: The Oregon hazelnut (Corylus avellana) was named the state nut in 1989. Oregon grows 99 percent of the commercial hazelnut crop produced in the US.
State Tree: Pseudotsuga menziesii, the Douglas Fir, was declared the state tree in 1939. This evergreen conifer is the source of most of Oregon’s softwood lumber production.
Altitudes: Lowest – Pacific Ocean, sea level.
Highest – Mt. Hood, 11,240 feet.
Electoral Votes: Oregon has 7 electoral votes for president.
Geyser and Gorge: Oregon’s geyser is Old Perpetua. It is 60 feet high, and is located on the edge of Lakeview. Oregon’s deepest gorge is the Hell’s Canyon – 7,900 feet. It is located between Oregon and Idaho on the Snake River.
Deepest Lake: Oregon’s deepest lake is Crater Lake. At 1,932 feet, it’s the deepest lake in the U.S.
Land Area: Oregon’s land area is 97,060 square miles, or 251,418 km. It is ranked 10th in size in the U.S.
Precipitation: The average yearly precipitation at Salem is 39.16″.
Major Rivers: Oregon’s longest rivers are:
- Columbia – 1,243 miles
- Snake – 1,038 miles
- Willamette – 309 miles
- John Day – 281 miles
- Klamath – 250 miles
Temperatures: Record Temperatures are:
- Highest – 119 degrees F, August 10, 1898 in Pendleton (elevation 1,200′)
- Lowest – minus 54 degrees F, Feb. 10, 1933 in Seneca (elevation 4,666′)
Highest Waterfall: Multnomah Falls is the highest waterfall in Oregon, at 620 feet.
Oregon Fun Facts
* Oregon’s state flag pictures a beaver on its reverse side. It is the only state flag to carry two separate designs.
* Oregon has more ghost towns than any other state.
* The Columbia River gorge is considered by many to be the best place in the world for windsurfing.
* Crater Lake is the deepest lake in the United States and is formed in the remains of an ancient volcano.
* Eugene was the first city to have one-way streets.
* At 8,000 feet deep Hells Canyon is the deepest river gorge in North America.
* In 1880 a sea cave was discovered near what is now known as Florence. Sea Lion Caves is known to be the largest sea cave in the world.
* The nation’s most photographed lighthouse is the Heceta Head Lighthouse located in Lane County.
* The Oregon Trail is the longest of the overland routes used in the westward expansion of the United States.
* Haystack Rock off Cannon Beach is 235 feet high and is the third largest coastal monolith in the world.
Convention & Visitors Association of Lane County Oregon,
US census bureau