"If you like to travel, couch surf, or stay at ..."
You have to go to
Ahh this is difficult. I am not good with naming just one; I like diversity. Food wise, Barrio cafe and Angel's Trumpet Brewery, won't leave you disappointed. If you like music, the night should probably end at Crescent Ballroom. (These are all downtown activities, I don't know much about greater Phoenix, like Scottsdale.) South Mountain is my favorite local getaway. I am not a city person, so I don't particularly enjoy some of the more urban hikes such as Camelback, and Piestewa Peak, because of how crowded they are but for a one time thing, the view is worth it.
Here's one fun activity you can do
I drink a lot of coffee. There are so many neat places to go have a great cup of joe, relax, read or write, and catch some live music. I would say each neighborhood has there own unique spot. I often find myself at Copper Star Cafe.
Don't forget to check out one of my favorite places
Roosevelt street is cool. There are a bunch of good eats, and cafe, and art along the way. DEFINITELY TRY TO MAKE A VISIT ON THE FIRST FRIDAY OF THE MONTH! First Friday is what Phoenix does right. Downtown, Roosevelt street is shut down and the art and music and food comes out. It only goes until 10pm unfortunately, and I think starts around 6pm, but it such a wonderful gathering. All the right people come out together and create beautiful things.
Enjoy a meal at my favorite restaurant
Depends on the price. Barrio Cafe is a nice restaurant and you will pay, but you pay for what you get and it is beautiful. Great authentic Mexican. I am from PA so I am still stoked on the good southwest/ New Mexico/ Mexican cuisine.
Here's a doable bucket list for you to do in one day
Heard Museum is great. I am more of an outdoors person, who likes to road trip so this is hard for me. If you have a car, check out the Apache Trail. It covers a beautiful part of the desert and takes you through several desert lakes. As I mentioned earlier, if you like music, you can probably end your night satisfied at the Crescent Ballroom. Welcome Diner near the local hostel is a neat eclectic place. Also Desert Botanical Gardens, if you can't go far, will give you a feel for the Sonoran Beauty! (sorry that is so random)
My extra insider tip for you is
If you like to travel, couch surf, or stay at the local hostel. The hostel is a great place to catch a ride around the city and sight see. Please get out and explore the desert! Arizona is so beautiful! Saguaro Lake is a neat, man-made desert lake that is about 45min away from downtown. I like to go there for a nice retreat. Superstitions are also a must see there are about 45 min away near Mesa. If you have to stay close, go to South Mountain! ...Also the Musical Instrument Museum is one of the most underrated places of all time. Make sure you give yourself enough time there.